What is Long term Care?

Long term care refers to the support and assistance provided to individuals who may have a chronic illness, mental or physical disability or who are simply ageing (frailty) and need help with their activities of daily living. This type of care can be provided in various settings such as the individual's home, a residential care facility, or a nursing home. 

According to Age UK, around 1.4 million people receive some form of formal care such as domiciliary care or residential care.

Long term Care for Elderly in the UK

Long term care for elderly is needed to support individuals who are unable to perform their activities of daily living without assistance. These activities can include bathing, dressing, feeding, toileting, and mobility.

It also provides assistance with medication management, wound care, and other medical needs.

Additionally, long-term care can provide social and emotional support to individuals who may be isolated or lonely due to their condition.

According to Age UK, more than 1.5 million people in the UK are over the age of 85 and this number is expected to double by 2030. With this increasing demographic, there is a growing demand for long-term care services to support the elderly population and those with disabilities

Types of Long Term Care in UK

When it comes to long term care for elderly in the UK, there are primarily two options available - residential care and home care. Each type of care has its own set of benefits and drawbacks, and it's important to understand them before making a decision.

Residential Care

Residential care is where an individual lives in a care facility that is staffed with professional caregivers who are available 24/7. 

Long term care for elderly

Types of Residential Care

Care Homes
These are facilities that provide accommodation and personal care for individuals who require assistance with daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and eating. They usually also have a communal living area where residents can socialise and participate in activities.

Nursing Homes
These facilities are similar to care homes, but they also have registered nurses on staff to provide medical care to residents. They are better suited for individuals with complex medical needs or those who require ongoing medical attention.

Both care homes and nursing homes can be either private or public organisations, and they vary in size and level of amenities offered. The cost of residential care can be high, but there are financial assistance options available for those who qualify.

Pros of Residential Care

  • It provides round-the-clock support and supervision for individuals who require assistance with daily activities. 
  • It can provide greater peace of mind for both the individual and their family members. 
  • Residential care facilities often have access to specialised equipment and medical personnel, making them ideal for individuals with complex medical needs.

Cons of Residential Care

  • Residential care can be expensive
  • Some individuals may feel like they are losing their independence by moving into a care facility.

Worried about the expenses? Here some useful information on Cost of Long Term Care in the UK.


Home Care

Home care or domiciliary care is a type of care where individuals receive support and assistance in their own homes. The caregiver can assist with daily activities, such as medication management, personal care, and household chores.

Types of Home Care

Personal care involves assistance with daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and eating. It can also include housekeeping and meal preparation. 

Nursing care on the other hand, involves medical care such as administering medication or changing dressings.

Live in Care is where a caregiver lives with the older adult in their home to provide round-the-clock care and support. This type of care is suitable for seniors who require full-time assistance and prefer to remain in their own home.

Visiting Care is a type of care where a caregiver visits the older adult's home for a specified period to provide care and support. This type of care is suitable for seniors who are capable of living on their own but require some assistance during the day.

Pros of Home Care

  • It allows individuals to remain in their own homes and maintain their independence.
  • Home care can be more affordable than residential care
  • It allows individuals to receive personalised care in a familiar environment.

Cons of Home Care

  • Home care can also be more challenging for family members who may be responsible for support the care
  • It may not be suitable for individuals with certain types of complex medical needs

Find out how PCL Connect can support long term care and help in making Long term Care for Elderly Sustainable.

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