Managing diabetes can be challenging but it is important to take it as a marathon and not a race. There are several ways to manage diabetes that can help improve blood sugar levels and overall health.

Here are some effective ways for diabetes management


Self-monitoring blood glucose

Monitoring blood glucose regularly on your own using a blood glucose meter is highly crucial. It help you to track glucose levels and understand how your diet, exercise, and medication are affecting your blood sugar levels. 

Actively monitoring and logging your blood glucose can help you detect and prevent episodes of high or low blood sugar levels. You can log your blood glucose levels during the day (especially before and after the meals) simply in a notebook or use a mobile application to do so.

Medications for diabetes management

Medications are often prescribed to help manage diabetes. There are different types of medications available, and your doctor will determine the best medication for you based on your individual needs.

Typically, medications in diabetes management are used to:

  • Help lower blood sugar levels
  • Improve insulin sensitivity
  • Help the pancreas produce more insulin

Proper medication management is crucial so that medicine can be effective.

Insulin Therapy

Insulin therapy is often required for people with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. People with diabetes may not produce enough insulin, so insulin therapy can help supplement their natural insulin production.

Insulin therapy can be delivered through injections or an insulin pump. There are different types of insulin available, and your doctor can determine the best type and dosage for you based on your individual needs.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes can help manage type 2 diabetes and improve overall health. 

  • Quitting smoking: smoking can increase the risk of diabetes-related complications.
  • Managing stress: stress can affect blood sugar levels and overall health.
  • Getting enough sleep: lack of sleep can affect blood sugar levels and overall health.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption: alcohol can affect blood sugar levels and increase the risk of hypoglycemia.

Eating a healthy, diabetes-friendly diet

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is essential for diabetes management. A diabetes-friendly diet should include plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. It's also important to limit processed foods, sugary drinks, and high-carb foods.

Exercising and staying Active

Regular exercise can help lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.

It's essential to speak with your doctor before starting an exercise program, as they can help determine the best type and frequency of exercise for you based on your individual needs.

Also read, Diabetic Foot Woes? Easy Ways to Care for Your Feet and Avoid Complications.

Diabetes in Older adults

Diabetes in Older adults

Diabetes can affect people of all ages, but it is especially prevalent in older adults. According to the National Institute on Aging, more than 25% of adults over the age of 65 have diabetes.

Why are older adults at higher risk for diabetes?

There are several reasons why older adults are at a higher risk for developing diabetes. One of the primary factors is the ageing process itself. As we age, our bodies become less efficient at using insulin, which can lead to higher blood sugar levels and ultimately, diabetes.

In addition to age, other factors that can increase the risk of diabetes in older adults include:

  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Family history of diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Complications of diabetes in older adults

Complications related to diabetes can be particularly concerning for older adults, as they may have a harder time recovering from complications. Some common complications of diabetes in older adults include:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Vision problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot problems

Managing diabetes in older adults

Diabetes management is crucial for older adults, as poorly managed diabetes can lead to a range of complications. 

The first step in managing diabetes in older adults is to work with a healthcare team to create an individualised diabetes care plan. This plan may include:

  • Regular blood sugar monitoring
  • Medications to manage blood sugar levels
  • A healthy diet that is low in sugar and refined carbohydrates
  • Regular physical activity
  • Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider to monitor for complications

It is important to note that older adults with diabetes may need more frequent monitoring and more aggressive treatment than younger adults with the condition.

Diabetes is a concerning health condition especially in older adults. However, with proper management and care, the risks associated with diabetes can be effectively managed. If you or a loved one is an older adult with diabetes, it is important to work with a healthcare team to develop an individualized diabetes care plan to ensure the best possible outcomes.

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